Bachelor in Economics/Political Science summa cum laude, University Puerto Rico, 1971. Master of Arts in Economics, University Puerto Rico, 1976. Doctor of Philosophy, University Miami, 1986.
Bachelor of Science in Biology summa cum laude, University Sacred Heart, 1981.
Instructor University Puerto Rico, Rio Piedras, 1976-1978. Assistant professor University Sacred Heart, Santurce, Puerto Rico, 1974-1981. Professor Nova Southeastern University, Fort Lauderdale, Florida, since 1982.
Visiting professor Broward Community College, Hollywood, Florida, 1984-1985, Florida International University, Miami, 1990-1994, Ramkhamhaeng University, Thailand, 1999-2003. Consultant various organizations, Miami, 1984-1988.
United States Army, 1966-1972.