Master of Science, University Wisconsin, 1951. Master of Arts, Columbia University, 1970. Doctor of Philosophy, Columbia University, 1978.
Copy chief Medical Information Bureau, New York City, 1952-1955, Resident Advisor Becker, New York City, 1956-1960. Freelance writer, translator, editor, 1961-1968. Lecturer Columbia University, New York City, 1979-1990, adjunct professor Czech literature and language, comparative literature, 1991—2001.
Founder Czech Council Columbia University, since 1985.
Petty officer 2nd class United States Navy, 1942-1945. Member Poets, Playwrights, Editors, Essayists and Novelists association Club (translation committee ), Czechoslovaki Society Arts and Sciences, American Society for Czech Relief (board member).