Bachelor of Science, United States Naval Academy, 1967; Master in Business Administration, George Washington University, 1972; student, United States Marine Corps Command and Staff College, 1979-1980; graduate, National War College, 1986; postgraduate in National and International Security, Harvard University.
Commissioned lieutenant United States Marine Corps, 1967, advanced through grades to general, 2000, retired, 2007. Served in 2d Battalion, 5th Marines, 1st Marine Division, Vietnam, 1968-1969. Operations officer, Security Element Marine Aircraft Group 15, 1st Marine Aircraft Wing, Nam Phong, Thailand, 1972, executive officer Thailand, 1972.
Assistant majors' monitor Headquarters Marine Corps, Washington, 1973-1976. Operations officer, 2nd Battalion, 5th Marines, executive officer, 3rd Battalion, & division staff secretary 1st Marine Division, Camp Pendleton, California, 1976—1979. Commanding officer Marine Corps Recruiting Station, Buffalo, 1980-1983, 2nd Bn, 1st Marine Division, Pendleton, California, 1983—1985.
Chief, ground forces branch Combined/Joint Staff, Seoul, Republic of Korea, 1986-1987, executive officer to assistant chief of staff Republic of Korea, 1987—1988. Commanding officer Marine Barracks, Washington, 1988—1991. Chief of staff, 2nd Marine Division United States Marine Corps, Camp Lejeune, North Carolina, 1991—1992, president Marine Corps.
University, commdg, general Marine Corps. Combat Development Command Quantico, Virginia, 1992—1994, deputy Commander Marine forces Somalia, 1992—1993, deputy Commander Joint Task Force Somalia, 1993—1994. Deputy Commander, chief of staff United States Forces Japan, 1994—1996.
Director operations (J-3) Joint Staff, Washington, 1996—1997. Commandant United States Marine Corps, 1997—2000. Commander United States Southern Command (USSOUTHCOM), Miami, 2000—2001.
Vice chairman Joint Chiefs of Staff, United States Department Defense, Washington, 2001—2005, chairman, 2005—2007. President, Chief Executive Officer Master of Science&A Strategic Advisors Inc., Newport Beach, California, since 2008. Operating partner Behrman Capital, New York City & San Francisco, since 2008.
Chairman Pelican Products, Inc., since 2008. Board director Master of Science&A Inc., since 2008, International Language Center Industries Inc., since 2008, Nephapsis Inc., since 2008. Member Defense Policy Board Advisory Committee, since 2007, Foreign Intelligence Advisory Board, Washington, since 2008.
Married Lynne Ann Holden. Children: Peter Junior, Tiffany Marie.