Bachelor with honors, University Western Ontario, London, 1966. Master of Arts, Harvard University, 1969.
Research fellow Dalhousie University, Halifax, North Carolina, 1968—1969. Supervisor economics Bell Telephone Сompany, Montreal, 1969—1972. Senior policy advisor Government of Canada, Ottawa, 1972—1973.
Chief economist McLeod Young Weir, Toronto, 1973—1989. Vice president, director, 1974—1989. Executive vice president, chief economist and research director Walwyn Stodgell Cochran Murray Ltd.
Department rated as Canada's number one economic forecaster Financial Times, 1977. Member of Toronto Association Business Economics, Whigs Investment (Canada).
Married Carolyn Eleanor Smith, July 1, 1966. Children: Daniel, Pamela, Andrew.