1927 graduated Omsk Medicine Institute.
Chairman, AllUnion Society of Pathophysiologists. Deputy Editor, journal “Arkhiv patologii” (Archives of Pathology). Member, Editorial Board, journals “Meditsinskaya radiologiya” (Medical Radiology) and “Patologicheskaya fiziologiya i eksperimentalnaya terapiya” (Pathological Physiology and Experimental Therapy).
Со-Editor, “Pathology” and “Morphology” sections, “Bolshaya meditsinskaya entsiklopediya” (Large Medical Encyclopedia), 2nd edition. Etc.; 1928-1933 assist, in pathological physiology to Professor A. A. Bogomolets, 2nd Moscow Medicine Institute. 1934-1938 Assistant, then lecturer, 1939-1952 Head, Chair of Pathological Physiology, Sechenov 1st Moscow Medicine Institute.
Religious books are outdated, because laws by nature have to change with the advance of societies and technology.