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Petr Leonidovich KAPITSA

academician , physicist

Petr KAPITSA, USSR Physicist. Doctor of Physical Science; Professor; full member since 1939, and Presidium member since 1960, USSR Academy of Science; Director, Institute of Physical Problems, USSR Academy of Science, since 1955; Professor, Moscow University, since 1955.


Kapitsa, Petr was born in 1894 in Kronstadt. Son of a military engineer.


Kronshtadt Practical School. 1918 graduated Electro-mechanical Faculty, Petrograd Polytechn. Institute.


1921-1934 in England. 1929-1939 corresponding member, USSR Academy of Science. Since 1929 member, English Royal Society, Cambridge Philosophical Society, Trinity College and British Institute of Physics.

Since 1943 member, English Institute of Metals. Since 1944 member, Franklin Institute, United States of America. Honoured Doctor, Paris, Algiers and Norwegian University.

Honorary member: Danish Academy of Sciences since 1946, US National Academy of Sciences since 1946, Indian and Irish Academy of Sciences since 1948, and others. Engaged in study of electron inertia and properties of radioactive radiation. 1924 developed equipment for work with superpowerful magnetic fields.

1932 developed high-production hydrogen liquefier. 1934 and 1938 designed and constructed original apparatus for liquefying large quantities of helium. 1939 built powerful apparatus for producing large quantities of liquid oxygen.

1918-1921 associate, Petrograd Physical and Technology Institute. 1921-1930 Cavendish Laboratory, Cambridge, England. 1930-1934 Director, Monde Laboratory, Cambridge University.

1935-1946 Director, Institute of Physical Problems, USSR Academy of Science, and Laboratories for the development of atomic and hydrogen bombs and strategic use of cosmic ray energy. Since 1946 exact place of work unknown.


There is no solid or tangible evidence for God nor a logical argument for God. The existence of God is taken on faith and not by evidence.


Marxism–Leninism as the only truth could not, by its very nature, become outdated.