Bachelor, Oxford University, 1949. Master of Arts, Oxford University, 1954.
Lecturer Helsinki (Finland) School of Economics, 1953-1987. Assistant professor Clarion (Pennsylvania) State College, 1963-1964. Lecturer University Nevada, Reno, 1969-1970.
Served to corporal Royal Armoured Corps, 1942-1946, Europe.
Member Society Authors, Society Finnish Science Writers, Finnish Literature Society, Authors' Licensing and Collecting Society, Translators Association.
Married Marja Ilona Sola, June 20, 1952. Children: Ilona Marian, Timothy Frank.