Bachelor in Philosophy, Boston University, 1977. Juris Doctor, Suffolk University, 1982.
Assistant attorney general Territory of America Samoa, 1984-1987. Deputy attorney general California Department Justice, 1990-1991. Deputy city attorney City of Los Angeles, 1991-1992.
Deputy associate attorney general Department Justice, Washington, 1993-1994. Director Office International Affairs, Immigration and Naturalization Service, Department Justice, since 1994.