1918 graduated piano class, 1923 composition class and Dept, of Musicology, Petrograd Conservatory. 1925 graduated Law Faculty, Leningrad University.
1925-1927 Head, Repertory Section, Mariinsky (now Kirov) Academy Theater of Opera and Ballet. Instructor, Musicology Department, Leningrad Conservatory. 1928-1930 Editor, State Music Publ.
House; 1931-1933 member, State Theater and Music Research Institute. 1934-1937 senior inspector, USSR Popular Commissariat of Education. 1938-1950 Head, Repertoire Department, Bolshoy Theater.
Simultaneously instructor in musical criticism, Moscow Conservatory. Attended International Congresses of Musicologists in: Stockholm, 1948. Salzburg, 1950; Milan, 1956.
And Warsaw, 1959.