He was educated at Eton College, where he was known as "Piggy Hogg".
Foreign the cabinet minister, see Quintin Hogg, Baron Hailsham of Street Marylebone He showed strong religious convictions and held prayer meetings He was also a prominent rifle volunteer. He twice represented Scotland versus England in the unofficial internationals of 1870 and 1871.
He captained the Old Etonians for seven years, during which he was never on the losing side.
He became involved in trade, particularly the commodities of tea and sugar. As a senior partner in a firm of tea merchants, he modernised sugar production in Demerara.
While in Demerara he played two first-class cricket matches for the colony. Having made his fortune, he became concerned with Christian-motivated philanthropy.
London at the time suffered from social conditions now summarised in the word "Dickensian".
Hogg turned his energy to educational reform: in 1864 he founded York Place Ragged School. With Arthur Fitzgerald Kinnaird (1847–1923, later 11th Baron Kinnaird) and Thomas Henry William Pelham (1847–1916), he rented rooms in York Place (formerly Alley), off The Strand in central London, for a boys" school, initially a day school, later open in the evenings. In 1882, he founded the Young Men"s Christian Institute, which was renamed the Regent Street Polytechnic (incorporating the Royal Polytechnic Institution).
The polytechnic was later part of Polytechnic of Central London (PCL) and is now the University of Westminster.
lieutenant is the largest provider of adult education in London, and its headquarters are still at the same location on Regent Street. Hogg was an alderman of the first London County Council, encouraging the founding of other polytechnics, then called working men"s (or mechanics") institutes.
Douglas Hogg, 1st Viscount Hailsham (1872–1950), the father of Quintin Hogg, Baron Hailsham of Street Marylebone Elsie Florence Hogg (1873–?), married Vincent Robertson Hoare (1873–1915) Ian Graham Hogg (1875–1914), lieutenant colonel, died September 1914 of wounds. Ethel Mary Hogg (1876–1970), married Herbert Frederick Wood.
She wrote a biography of her father, as Ethel M. Wood.
Malcolm Nicholson Hogg (1883–1948) Woods, Gabriel Stanley (1912).