Master of Science in Engineering, Helsinki University of Technology, 1975. Licence in technical, Helsinki University, 1980. Doctor in Technology, Helsinki University, 1981.
Research assistant, Academy Finland, Helsinki, 1979-1980; research scientist, Academy Finland, Helsinki, 1983; research assistant, Helsinki U. Technology, Espoo, 1975-1978; acting professor wood chemistry, Helsinki U. Technology, Espoo, 1981-1982; research scientist, Helsinki U. Technology, Espoo, 1983-1985; acting professor physical chemistry (forest products technical), Helsinki U. Technology, Espoo, 1991; senior research scientist, Technology Research Center Finland, Espoo, 1986-1991, 91-93; professor applied chemistry, U. Jyvaskyla, since 1993. Visiting research associate Kemira Company, Helsinki, 1985-1986.
Fellow International Academy Wood Science. Member Technical Association of Pulp and Paper Industry, Technology Society Finland, Chemical Society Finland, Association Wood and Polymer Science Finland, Canada Pulp and Paper Association, Finnish Paper Engineers Association.