Bachelor of Science, Panjab University, Chandigarh, India, 1964. Master of Science, Panjab University, Chandigarh, India, 1969. Doctor of Science, University Paris, 1981.
Research scholar National Center for Scientific Research, Paris, France, 1972-1977. Junior scientist National Center for Scientific Research-U. Picardie, Amiens, France, 1977-1983, senior scientist France, 1983-1993, director France, since 1993. Consultant United Nations Industrial Development Organization/Food and Agriculture Organization (of the United Nations), Vienna, 1999, Foreign Operations Administration/International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna, 1997.
Expert witness European Union, since 1990.
Member American Association for the Advancement of Science, International Association for Plant Tissue Culture.
Married Brigitte Norreel, July 25, 1975. 2 children.