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Ramon Castroviejo Edit Profile

Ophthalmologist , association football player

Ramon Castroviejo, Spanish ophthalmologist. Decorated grand cross Order Isabel La Catolica, Alfonso El Sabio, Sanidad Civil, Merito Militar con Distintive Blanco (Spain); Nunez de Balboa (Panama); Sol (Peru); gold medal Society Journalists, Oviedo (Spain), Centro Riojano, Madrid.


Castroviejo, Ramon was born on August 24, 1904 in Logrono, Spain. Came to the United States, 1928. Naturalized, 1936. Son of Ramon and Maria Ana (Briones) Castroviejo.


Bachelor, Institute Arts Sciences Logrono, Spain, 1919. AB, Institute Arts Sciences Logrono. Doctor of Medicine, University Madrid, 1927.

Doctorate (honorary), University San Marcos de Lima, Peru, 1940. Doctorate (honorary), University Santo Domingo, 1945. Doctorate (honorary), University Salamanca, Spain, 1965.

Doctorate (honorary), University Granada, Spain, 1966. Doctorate (honorary), University Santa Maria, Brazil, 1969. Doctorate (honorary), University East, Manila, Philippines, 1972.


Assistant ophthalmology, Red Cross Hospital, Madrid, 1927; attending ophthalmologist, Chicago Eye, Ear, Nose and Throat Hospital, 1928-1930; special fellow research and laboratory work, Mayo Clinic, 1930-1931; with, Columbia Presbyterian Medical Center, New York City, 1931-1952. Then professor clinical ophthalmology New York University Post Graduate Medical School. Chief emeritus ophthalmology St. Vincent's Hospital and Medical Center, New York City.

Clinical professor department ophthalmology Mount Sinai Medical School. Attending ophthalmic surgeon Mount Sinai Hospital, New York City. Honorary director department special corneal surgery, New York Eye and Ear Infirmary.

Consultant ophthalmologist Lincoln Hospital, St. Clare's Hospital. Member adviser ophthalmology Bureau Hearings and Appeals, Social Security Administration. Honorary professor of University Santo Tomas, Manila, 1972.


  • While not being the first to successfully graft human cornea, he improved the technique of the operation in the 1930s and 1940s, prompting the worldwide adoption of corneal transplantation as a standard way to deal with severe corneal pathology. His keratoplasty technique remained standard until more efficient suture materials became available.\r\nCastroviejo designed the Castroviejo needle holder, an instrument used in eye, dental and other forms of microsurgery.


Member American Medical Association, New York County Medical Society, New York State Medical Society, New York Academy Medicine, American Ophthalmological Society, New York Ophthalmological Society (president 1972), American Society Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, American Biological Association, Association Research Ophthalmology, Association Advancement Medical Instrumentation, Biological Photograph Association, Royal Medical Society (Great Britain), Spanish-American Medical Association, Sociedad Medica Hispano-Americana of the United States, Société Francaise d'Ophthalmolgie (France), Sociedad Oftalmologica Espanola (Spain), New York Athletic, Sewanhaka Corinthian Yacht, Oyster Bay, Piping Rock clubs. Also honorary member ophthalmic societies in India, Colombia, Brazil, Argentina, Chile, Peru, Panama, Costa Rica, Mexico, Cuba, Greece, Egypt, Israel, South Africa, Australian College Ophthalmologists, Oxford Ophthalmological Congress (England).


Married Cynthia Warren Smith, January 30, 1946. Children: Cynthia, Ramon.

Ramon Castroviejo

Maria Ana (Briones) Castroviejo

Cynthia Warren Smith

Ramon Castroviejo

Cynthia Castroviejo