Master of Business Administration, Indira Gandhi National Open University, New Delhi, 1998.
Design enr. Molins of India Engineering Ltd., Mohali, India, 1988—1989. Senior design engineer CEDTI, India, since 1992.
Advisor Vishav Gurmmat Roohani Mission Charitable Trust, Chandigarh, India, 1988—2002. Member board studies Panjab University, India, 1997—2002, Panjab U Technology, Jalandhar, India, 2000—2002, Technology Education Board, Chandigarh, India, 1995—2002, RohailKhand University, Baraielly, India, 2000—2002. Member of IPUG, Institution of Electronics and Telecommunication Engineers, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Institution of Engrs, Computer Society of India.