Bachelor, Southwestern Louisiana Institute, 1949; Master of Arts, University Texas, 1952; Doctor of Philosophy, University Texas, 1959.
Head foreign language department Southwest Texas Junior college, Uvalde, 1952-1955. Instructor Howard County Junior College, Big Spring, Texas, 1955-1957. Teaching assistant University Texas, Austin, 1957-1959.
Director Centro Colombo Americano, Cartagena, Colombia, 1959-1961. Assistant professor Mississippi State University, Starkville, 1961-1966. Associate professor history University Georgia, Athens, since 1966.
Board directors Camp Halliuah, Athens, 1970-1980, Clarke Federal Credit Union, Athens, 1971-1982, Catholic Social Services, Athens, since 1995. Member parish council St. Joseph Church, Athens, since 1980. With United States Navy, 1943-1951.
Member National Social Science Association (board directors 1990-1996), Southeast Conference of Latin America Studies, Conference of Latin America History.
Married Ernestine E. Gonzales, November 25, 1951. Children: Charles Timothy, Edward Michael, David Christopher.