Bachelor of Business Administration, Manhattan College, 1963. Master of Laws (honorary), St. John's University, 1971. Master of Laws (honorary), New York University, 1974.
Master of Public Administration, Harvard University, 1984. Doctor of Philosophy (honorary), Marist College, 1995. Doctor of Philosophy (honorary), Manhattan College, 1996.
Doctor of Philosophy (honorary), College St. Rose, 1997. Doctor of Philosophy (honorary), St. John's University, 1998.
Joined New York City Police Department, 1960, 1st deputy commissioner, 1990—1992, acting commissioner, 1992, commissioner, 1992—1994, since 2002. Under secretary for enforcement United States Department Treasury, 1996-1998, commissioner United States Customs Service, 1998—2001. Senior managing director global corporation strategy Bear Stearns & Company Inc., 2001.
Director international police monitors, Port-au-Prince, Haiti, 1994-1995, vice president Americas, INTERPOL, 1996-2000. Served in United States Marine Corps, 1963-1993.
Married Veronica Kelly. Children: Jim, Greg.