Master of Science, University Turku, Finland, 1977.
Systems analyst Port of Turku, 1980—1997, economy director, since 1997. Executive group member PortNet, a Telematics Community, Helsinki, Finland, since 1992, TEDIM, International Telematics Group, Helsinki, since 1994. Expert member BOPCom, European Union-Project, Helsinki, 1996—1998.
Executive group member TRACKIDEF, Telematic Project (Fin), Helsinki, 1999—2000. Expert member Intermodal Portal-Project / European Union, Helsinki, 2000—2001, NeLOC-Project European Union, Turku, 2002—2004, TERMIS, Telematic Project (Fin), Helsinki, since 2002, ImLoc-Project European Union, since 2004, BASIM-Project European Union, since 2004.