Rene Cassin Edit Profile
Master of Arts (Licenci es lettres). Doctor Juridical, Economics and Political Sciences, law schools, Aix (France) and Paris (France). Honorary doctorates universities Oxford (England), Mainz (Germany), England, Jerusalem (Israel), Brandeis U., m.
Simone Yzombard, March 29, 1917.
That same year, he was also awarded one of the UN's own Human Rights Prizes. René Cassin founded the (IFSA) which was recognized as a public utility association. As French delegate to the from 1924 to 1938, Cassin pressed for progress on disarmament and in developing institutions to aid the resolution of international conflicts.
Working from a draft composed by Canadian scholar and professor of law, John Humphrey, he reduced the draft from 46 basic articles to 44. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights, as eventually adopted by the United Nations General Assembly, contained 30 human rights articles from the original draft. He served on the UN's Human Rights Commission and the Hague Court of Arbitration.
He was also a member (1959–1965) and president (1965–1968) of the European Court of Human Rights. Today the court building is on the Rue René Cassin in Strasbourg. Cassin also headed many Non-Governmental Organisations (NGO), founding the French Federation of Disabled War Veterans in 1918 and until 1940 serving as its President and then Honorary President.
In 1945, Charles de Gaulle suggested Cassin, having done so much for the French people, also do something to help the Jewish people. Cassin turned to the Alliance Israelite Universelle, and, together with the American Jewish Committee and the Anglo-Jewish Association, founded the Consultative Council of Jewish Organisations, dedicated to providing encouragement from a Jewish perspective to the nascent UN human rights system. In 2001, CCJO René Cassin was founded to promote Universal Human Rights from a Jewish perspective.
As the head of the Alliance Israélite in France, he pursued civil rights for the Jews and was an active Zionist. A high school in Jerusalem is named after him. On the 10th of November 1950, he was photographed at a U.N. radio alongside Karim Azkoul, Georges Day and Herald C.L. Roy, participating in a roundtable discussion for the use of French-speaking countries.
Cassin died in 1976 and was initially interred at the Montparnasse Cemetery in Paris. In 1987, his remains were exhumed and enshrined in the crypt of the Panthéon in Paris. In 2003, the Basque Government created the René Cassin Award, "with the goal of publicly acknowledging and rewarding individuals or collectives that, through their personal or professional path, showed a strong commitment to the promotion, defence and divulgation of Human Rights".
The award is given on December 10, International Human Rights Day. In 1947, René Cassin created the (IFSA) which was recognized of public utility. He was the first president of this association which organized many conferences that helped to develop the French doctrine in administrative law.
This is perhaps all the more interesting because Azkoul and Cassin differed so strongly in their perspectives concerning the politics of Zionism.
Member Interallied communications of Inquiry on War Crimes, 1943-1945. Member consulative assembly Algiers, president juridical committee. Member Constitutional Council, 1960-1971.
Served during World War I, World World War World War II. Member Institut de France (president Academy Moral and Political Science 1962-1976), Society Comparative Legislation (honorary president), Association Development World Law (honorary president) Friends of U. Paris (president), Institute International Relations (president) Alliance Israelite e Universelle (president).
Married second, Ghislaine Bru.