Rene Cassin, French jurist, human rights advocate. Decorated grand cross Legion of Honor, Companion of the Liberation, Military medal, Croix de Guerre, Resistance Rosette (France).
Cassin, Rene was born on October 5, 1887 in Bayonne, France. Son of Henri and Gabrielle (Dreyfus) Cassin. He was born in Bayonne to a distinguished Jewish family; his father came from Alsace and his mother was descended from refugees from the expulsion from Spain.
Master of Arts (Licenci es lettres). Doctor Juridical, Economics and Political Sciences, law schools, Aix (France) and Paris (France). Honorary doctorates universities Oxford (England), Mainz (Germany), England, Jerusalem (Israel), Brandeis U., married Simone Yzombard, March 29, 1917.
Professor law universities Lille (France), 1920, Paris, 1929-1960. Professor National School Colonial Studies, 1935-1940. Faculty Academy International Law, The Hague, Netherlands, U. Institute Advanced Studies in International Affairs, Geneva, Switzerland.
President National School Public Administration, 1945-1960. French delegate League of Nations, 1924-1938, United Nations, 1946-1958. French founding member United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, 1944, delegate, 1945-1952.
Past. president United Nations Human Rights Commission, chief recorder Universal Declaration of Human Rights, 1947-1948. Judge, past president European Court Human Rights, 1959-1976, president, 1965-1968. Permanent secretary Defense Council under DeGaulle, 1940-1941.
Nat. commissioner justice and education French Government in Exile, 1941-1943. Member Interallied communications of Inquiry on War Crimes, 1943-1945. Member consulative assembly Algiers, president juridical committee.
Vice president Council of State, 1944-1960, subsequently honorary president, also founder journal Researches and Documents, 1947. President High Court of Arbitration, 1945-1946. Member Constitutional Council, 1960-1971.
Founder International Institute Human Rights, Strasbourg, 1968.
Cassin was proud of his Jewish heritage, but was not active in Jewish affairs until he was appointed by de Gaulle in 1943 to deal with the institutions of the Alliance Israélite Universelle throughout the world.
Member Interallied communications of Inquiry on War Crimes, 1943-1945. Member consulative assembly Algiers, president juridical committee. Member Constitutional Council, 1960-1971.
Served during World War I, World World War World War II. Member Institut de France (president Academy Moral and Political Science 1962-1976), Society Comparative Legislation (honorary president), Association Development World Law (honorary president) Friends of U. Paris (president), Institute International Relations (president) Alliance Israelite e Universelle (president).
In 1968 Cassin was awarded the Nobel Peace PrizIn 1968 Cassin was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his activities in the area of human rights; he devoted the prize money to the establishment of the Human Rights Institute in Strasbourg. He was also awarded the Goethe Prize in 1973. Decorated grand cross Legion of Honor, Companion of the Liberation, Military medal, Croix de Guerre, Resistance Rosette (France).