He is also the current president of the prestigious Iranian Academy of Sciences. Davari received primary and secondary education in Arkadan, and after leaving school became a teacher in 1951. In 1954, he entered the University of Tehran as an undergraduate, gaining a Bachelor and in 1967 a Doctor of Philosophy in Philosophy there.
He is currently a professor of philosophy at Tehran University.
From 1979 to 1981, he was dean at the faculty of literature and humanities, University of Tehran, and the head of Iranian National Commission for United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization from 1979 to 1982. Davari was the Editor-in-Chief of Farhang Journal.
Davari and Abdolkarim Soroush have engaged in a series of philosophical debates in post-revolutionary Iran.