In the same year he also obtained an Master of Arts from Mills College, where he studied composition with Darius Milhaud (Hersh 2001). He also earned a Doctor of Philosophy from the University of Iowa in 1959.
He continued his studies with Milhaud at the Paris Conservatoire, where he received two diplomas in 1955, and went on to study privately in Florence for a year (1958-1959) with Luigi Dallapiccola. (Christiansen 1977, 5). He taught at Lone Mountain College and the University of California, Berkeley before becoming composer-in-residence for the city of Boston from 1971-1973 (Hersh 2001).
Member American Music Center.
Married Rita Baumgartner. Children: Ramon, Manoel.