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Richard Edgar Pipes Edit Profile

educator , historian

Richard Pipes was an American historian and educator. He was a Professor Emeritus of History at Harvard University.


Pipes was born on July 11, 1923 in Cieszyn, Poland; the son of Mark and Sophia Haskelberg Pipes.


Pipes enrolled at Muskingum College in 1943. In 1945 he graduated from Cornell University with a Bachelor of Arts degree. Five years later Richard received a Doctor of Philosophy degree from Harvard University.

In 1988 Pipes received an honorary degree of Doctor of Laws from Muskingum College and Doctor of Humane Letters from Adelphi University in 1991. Also in 1994 Pipes was given an honorary Doctor degree from the University of Silesia in Poland.


Pipes served with United States Army Air Force from 1943 to 1946. Four years later he began his career as a teacher of history at Harvard University and held the position for fourty six years. In 1962, Pipes delivered the lectures on Russian intellectual history at Leningrad State University.

In 1968, he was appointed the director of Harvard's Russian Research Center. Five years later Pipes held a position of a senior consultant at the Stanford Research Institute, where he worked until 1978.

In 1976, Richard was a head of the Team B, composed of civilian experts and retired military officers and agreed to by then-CIA director George H. W. Bush at the urging of the president's Foreign Intelligence Advisory Board (PFIAB) as a competitive analysis exercise.

During the 1970s, he was an advisor to Washington Senator Henry M. Jackson. He served as a member of the National Security Council in 1981 and 1982, holding the post of Director of East European and Soviet Affairs under President Ronald Reagan. Pipes was a member of the Committee on the Present Danger from 1977 to 1992 and belongs to the Council of Foreign Relations.

Since 1996 Pipes was a Professor Emeritus of History at Harvard University.


  • Richard Pipes is known for many books on Russian history, including "Russia under the Old Regime (1974), "The Russian Revolution" (1990), and "Russia Under the Bolshevik Regime" (1994). At Harvard, he taught large courses on Imperial Russia as well as the Russian Revolution and guided over 80 graduate students to their Doctor of Philosophy degree.



Pipes espoused a strong anti-communist point of view throughout his career.


Pipes was a member of American Academy Arts and Sciences, Polish Academy, Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences, the American Council of Learned Societies.


On September 1, 1946 Richard Pipes married Irene Eugenia Roth. They had 2 sons.

Mark Pipes - businessman and a Polish legionnaire

Sophia Haskelberg Pipes

Irene Eugenia Roth

Daniel Pipes
Daniel Pipes - son of Richard Pipes

Steven Pipes