Northwestern University. Ohio State University (Bachelor of Science, 1968. Juris Doctor, 1971). Referee, Clark County Juvenille Court, since 1976.
1st Lieutenant, United States. Army, 1978. Working as a partner of SCHMENK, SPENCER & HASSELBACH. Admitted to the bar, 1972, Ohio. 1975, United States. District Court, Southern District of Ohio.
The Springfield Bar and Law Library Association. [1st Lieutenant, United States. Army, 1978].