Bachelor of Science in Metallurgy & Microstructural England, Sheffield City Polytechnic, 1989. Master of Business Administration, Sheffield University, 1993.
Plant manager, SAPA Ltd., Derbyshire, England, 1989-1993; consultant production department, SAPA France, Albi, 1993-1996; technical director, SAPA Poland Sp, Trzcianka, Poland, 1996. Non-executive director Sherwood Link Superior vena cava syndrome, Notts, England, 1987-1990.
Member Institute Materials, Association Master of Business Administration, Royal Society Protection of Cruelty to Animals.