Bachelor, University Washington, 1942. Master of Business Administration, Harvard University, 1943. Doctor of Philosophy, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1963.
Fellow, Institute Current World Affairs, Turkey, 1947-1952; area specialist, Universities Field Staff, Turkey, 1953-1957; research associate Graduate School Business Administration,, Harvard University, Boston, 1957-1960; instructor history Center for Middle East Studies, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1957-1964; senior lecturer, Massachusetts Institute of Technology Sloan School Management, Cambridge, 1963-1973; professor, Massachusetts Institute of Technology Sloan School Management, Cambridge, 1973-1986; professor emeritus, Massachusetts Institute of Technology Sloan School Management, Cambridge, since 1986; Jewett distinguished professor, U. Puget Sound, Tacoma, 1986-1994. Foreign correspondent Chicago Daily News Foreign Svc., Turkey and Middle East, 1948-1956. Visiting professor U. Hawaii, Honolulu, 1983, 86, 88, National U. Singapore, 1984, U. International Business and Economics, Beijing, 1989.
(This work has been selected by scholars as being cultural...)
Board directors International Business Center New England, Boston, 1970-1982, Institute Current World Affairs, New York City, 1986-1989, Kluckholm Center for Study Value Orientations, since 1987, World Trade Center Tacoma, 1987-1996, Hamlin Robinson School for Dyslexic Children. President Tacoma World Affairs Council, since 1995. Captain Military Intelligence, Army of the United States, 1943-1947, Korea.
Fellow Academy International Business (president 1969, dean fellows 1981). Member American Society International Law.
Married Elizabeth Ann Kuhn, April 12, 1945 (deceased 1979). Children: Linda, Kermit, Wendy. Married Carol Ann Goldman November 11, 1980.