AB, University of Pennsylvania, 1963; Master of Science, University of Pennsylvania, 1965; Doctor of Philosophy, University of Pennsylvania, 1969; postdoctoral, University of Pennsylvania, 1969-1974.
From assistant professor to professor biology, Community College Philadelphia, since 1969. Consultant Food and Drug Administration, National Aeronautics and Space Administration. Technical expert American Society for Testing and Materials, 1973-1982.
Microbiology reviewer, water closet Brown and Company, 1985-1989. General biology reviewer, Warner Bros. Saunders, 1989.
Archival Trustee, Congregation Mickve Israel, Philadelphia since 1982. Fellow International Institute Community Service, American Society Zoologists, American Microscopical Society. Member International Biographical Society (deputy director general since 1989), American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (president Local 2026 1972, chief delegate since 1973), New York Academy of Sciences, Pattern Recognition Society, Pennsylvania Genealogical Society.