Bachelor in Political Science, Roanoke College, 1961; Bachelor of Laws, New York Law School, 1964; Doctor of Laws (honorary), Shaw U., 1980.
Associate, Law Office Harry H. Lipsig, New York City, 1967-1969; law secretary to judge, Civil Court, New York City, 1969-1976; chief law assistant, Civil Court, New York City, 1976-1980; judge, Civil Court, New York City, since 1980; acting justice, Bronx (New York) County Supreme Court. Chairman of Commission setting support amount Governor's Commision on Child Support, commission on gender bias 12th Judicial District. Member curriculum development committee office of court administration.
Executive officer Lieutenant 7th Precinct Auxiliary Police, 1980. Chairperson East River Housing Committee, 1969, 74-75, 77-81, member 1966-1969, 71-73, 76. Member Coordinating Council Cooperatives, since 1973, Citizens Committee European Research Area, B'nai B'rith Career and Counseling Services (advisory board).
Trustee Bialystoker Synagogue, 1966-1979. Board directors East Side Torah Center, Grand St. Consumers Society, since 1972, Federation Cooperatives, since 1974, Lower East Side Businessmen's Association, 1977-1980, City Coalition on Child Sexual Abuse, chairperson public relations committee. Treasurer American Judges Foundation.
Member American Bar Association (task force law related education), New York State Bar Association (chairperson commission on district city village and town courts, citizenship education and courts and community committees, chairperson subcommittee public events and education), Association of Bar of City of New York (council requirements of courts, lectures, continuing education and women in the courts committees), Black Bar assosiation, New York Women's Bar Association (criminal law, children's rights and legal rights ofbattered women planning committees, co-Chairman of Commission on gender bias), New York City.Criminal and Civil Court Justices Bar Association (Vice-President), Metropolitan Women's Bar Association (board directors, chairperson task force on discrimination of women in courts), New York County Lawyers Association (chairperson law related education committee), New York State Trial Lawyers Association (chairperson judicial administration and procedure committee 1982), American Judges Association (2d vice president, assistant treasurer, Board of Governors), National Organization for Women, East Side Chamber of Commerce.
Married Carolyn Small. Children: Lisa, Howard.