Bachelor, Grinnell College, 1951. Master of Fine Arts, University Iowa, 1953.
Instructor, Grinnell (Iowa) College, 1955-1961;
associate professor, Grinnell (Iowa) College, 1962-1968;
professor, Grinnell (Iowa) College, 1969-1997;
professor emeritus, since 1997;
curator permanent art collection, Grinnell (Iowa) College, 1972-1986. Board directors National Council Arts in Education, 1968-1972. Artist-in-residence Iowa State University, Ames, 1966, Joslyn Art Museum, Omaha, 1968.
Charitable found.bd. trustees Blanden Memorial Art Museum, Fort Dodge, Iowa, since 1996.
Board of directors Community Theater/Arts Council, Grinnell, 1965-1983. Honorary member Arts Council, Eureka (Illinois) College, since 1981. Fellow College Art Association American, American Association of University Professors, American Society Aesthetics.
Member Art Museum Association American, Center for African Art.