Dutil obtained a bachelor"s degree in physical education in 1973 and a master"s degree in business administration in 1982 both from.
Dutil served in Saint-Georges as council member from 1975 to 1979 and as mayor from 1979 to 1985. He was a prefect for the Beauce-Sartigan Regional County Municipality from 1982 to 1985. He was appointed to Premier Robert Bourassa"s cabinet in 1985 and was in charge of different portfolios, including communications and Ssupply and services.
He was re-elected in the 1989 election, but did not run for re-election in the 1994 election.
Dutil became revenue minister on December 18, 2008, replacing Jean-Marc Fournier who did not seek a re-election. Following a 2010 cabinet shuffle, Dutil was named minister of public safety, replacing Jacques Dupuis.
He announced his resignation from the legislature in September 2015. Since 2002, Dutil has been vice-president of Structal-ponts, a division of Canam Manac Group.
He was also in the 1970s and 1980s co-owner of several businesses mostly in the Saint-Georges area.
He was also president or vice-president for several other small businesses from 1996 to 2008.
In 2008, Dutil founded the Union du centre political party. However, later that year he was elected as the Liberal candidate in the 2008 election in his old district of Beauce-Sud, and the Union du centre party later dissolved without ever running candidates for office.