Robert Culbertson Hope was a medical practitioner and member of the Victorian Legislative Council.
Hope was born in Morebattle, Roxburghshire, Scotland, the son of Robert Hope, a landowner, and his wife Joan, née Culbertson.
Travelling as ship"s surgeon on Lady Kennaway, Hope emigrated to Australia, arriving in Sydney in August 1838. In November 1856, Hope was elected to represent South Western Province in the Legislative Council of Victoria. He served until around August 1864, and again from April 1867 until September 1874 when ill health forced him to resign.