Robert Jocelyn, 4th Earl of Roden, styled The Honourable Robert Jocelyn until 1854 and Viscount Jocelyn from 1854 to 1870, was an Anglo-Irish Conservative politician.
Roden was the eldest son of Robert Jocelyn, Viscount Jocelyn, eldest son of Robert Jocelyn, 3rd Earl of Roden.
His mother was Lady Frances Elizabeth Clavering-Cowper, daughter of Peter Clavering-Cowper, 5th Earl Cowper. In 1874 he was appointed a Lord-in-Waiting (government whip in the House of Lords) in the second Conservative administration of Benjamin Disraeli, a post he held until 1880. Lord Roden died in office in January 1880, aged only 33.