Doctor in Business Administrator, Nijenrode, Netherlands. Master of Business Administration, University Oregon.
Joined Unilever, 1978. Various marketing and senior executive positions throughout the world, 1978—1989. Chairman Unilever Malaysia, 1989—1999, Van den Bergh's, 1992—1996.
Executive vice president, home & personal care division Unilever HPC Europe, 1996, executive vice president, ice cream & frozen foods division, 1997, president, ice cream & frozen foods division, 1998. Chairman, president & Chief Executive Officer Gucci Group N.V., since 2004. Board directors Reed Elsevier Group plc, since 2007, Reed Elsevier Nevada, since 2007, Reed Elsevier PLC, since 2007.
Married; 2 children.