He left school at the age of 14 to pursue a career in radio. During World World War II in November 1943, Quarry joined the United States Army, where he formed a theatrical troupe. After the war he acted again, first for Radio-Keith-Orpheum and then for Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer. His films include, its sequel, and Doctor, in which he played alchemist Doctor Biederbeck pitted against Vincent Price"s Phibes in a race to find the mythical elixir of eternal life.
Price reportedly did not care for his co-star — once, when Quarry was singing in his dressing room during the making of Doctor Phibes Rises Again, he said to Price, "You didn"t know I could sing did you?" and Price replied: "Well I knew you couldn"t act" — the duo were later also paired in.
American International Pictures had plans for Quarry to succeed Price, signing him to a long term contract, but the decline in the company"s fortunes, combined with old-style horror films falling out of fashion, meant that it never happened. Quarry did make further horror film appearances, as the hippy guru vampire Khorda in 1973"s The master, and as a gangster in the 1974 zombie movie Sugar Hill.
Quarry made several guest appearances on television shows, including two in 1965 on Perry Mason. He appeared on an episode of The Rockford Files.
He played disfigured gunrunner Commander Corliss in the Buck Rogers in the 25th Century episode "Return of the Fighting 69th".
He played in two episodes of The Lone Ranger. In 1980 he was in an automobile accident, in which he was struck by a drunk driver. lieutenant resulted in serious facial injuries.
He was also mugged in Hollywood shortly thereafter.
In 1987, Quarry returned to film with Cyclone directed by Fred Olen Ray. Quarry would be cast in over 20 of Ray"s films in the remainder of his career.
Quarry died on February 20, 2009 at the Motion Picture & Television Country House and Hospital in Woodland Hills, California, aged 83.