Robert Danton Reischauer is an economist and one of the two public trustees of the Social Security and Medicare trust fund.
He is the son of Japan scholar Edwin O. Reischauer.
Reischauer attended Harvard University (AB in political science) and Columbia University (MIA in International Relations and PhD in economics).
He is a nationally known expert on the federal budget, health reform, Medicare, and Social Security. Most recently (2000-2012) he served as president of the Urban Institute, a think tank based in Washington D.C. Congressional Budget Office Reischauer was director of the Congressional Budget Office (CBO) from 1989 to 1995. Prior to that he helped Alice Rivlin set up the CBO in 1975, and served as the assistant director for human resources and its deputy director between 1977 and 1981.
Urban Institute and Brookings Institution Reischauer served as senior vice president of the Urban Institute from 1981 to 1986. He was a senior fellow of economic studies at the Brookings Institution from 1986 to 1989 and from 1995 until 2000. He began his tenure as the second president of the Urban Institute in February 2000 and left that role in 2012.
Reischauer serves on the boards of several educational and nonprofit organizations. He frequently contributes to the opinion pages of the nation's major newspapers, comments on public policy developments on radio and television, and testifies before congressional committees. Reischauer is also Senior Fellow of the Harvard Corporation.
He was a member of the Medicare Payment Advisory Commission from 2000-2009 and was its vice chair from 2001-2008.