He served as president of Miami University of Ohio from 1868 to 1871. He also served as president of Oakland College in Mississippi. His father manufactured woolen goods and traded with the West Indies.
Robert"s older brother was Henry Brewster Stanton, who became a journalist and abolitionist, publishing widely in New York and abolitionist newspapers, and lecturing on the abolitionist circuit.
Robert Stanton graduated from the Lane Seminary in Cincinnati, Ohio and earned his Doctor of Divinity degree from Princeton University. He became the pastor of churches in Mississippi, Louisiana, and Ohio.
He was Professor of Theology at Danville Theological Seminary in Kentucky from 1862 to 1866. Death
Stanton died en route to Europe and was buried at sea on May 28, 1885, at the age of seventy-six.