Log In

Robert Wright

governor , senator

Robert Wright was a Senator and a Representative from Maryland.

Background

He was born at “Narborough,” near Chestertown, Queen Annes County, Md. on November 20, 1752. Son of Solomon and Mary (Tidmarsh) Wright.

Education

Robert Wright attended the common schools and Washington College, where he studied law; admitted to the bar in 1773 and commenced practice in Chestertown. Washington College is a private, independent liberal arts college located in Chestertown, Maryland, on the Eastern Shore. Maryland granted Washington College its charter in 1782. George Washington supported the founding of the college by consenting to have the "College at Chester" named in his honor, through generous financial support, and through service on the college's Board of Visitors and Governors. Washington College is the 10th-oldest college in the United States and was the first college chartered after American independence.

Career

Robert Wright served in the Revolutionary War as private, lieutenant, and later as captain. He was member of State house of delegates in 1784-1786; member, State senate 1801; elected as a Democratic Republican to the United States Senate on November 19, 1801, for the term commencing March 4, 1801, and served until his resignation on November 12, 1806, having been elected Governor. He delegated to the Farmers’ National Convention in 1803; was Governor of Maryland 1806-1809; clerk of Queen Annes County 1810; elected to the Eleventh and Twelfth Congresses to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of John Brown.

Robert reelected to the Thirteenth and Fourteenth Congresses and served from November 29, 1810, to March 3, 1817; unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1816 to the Fifteenth Congress; elected to the Seventeenth Congress (March 4, 1821-March 3, 1823); was not a candidate for renomination in 1822; district judge of the lower Eastern Shore district of Maryland from 1823 until his death at “Blakeford,” Queen Annes County, Md., September 7, 1826; interment in the private burying ground of the DeCourcy family at “Cheston-on-Wye,” Queen Annes County, Md.

Membership

Member Maryland. House of Delegates from Queen Annes County, 1776, 84, from Kent County, 1786. Member Maryland. Senate, 1787. Member United States Senate (Jeffersonian Democrat) from Maryland., 1801-1806.

Member United States House of Representatives from Maryland., 11th-14th congresses, 1810-1817 (member commission on judiciary, 14th Congress), 1821-1823 (member commission on foreign affairs).

Connections

Married Sarah De Courcy. Married second, Miss Ringgold.

cousin:
Turbutt Wright - American

Planter and political leader from Queen Anne's County, Maryland. Delegate for Maryland in the Continental Congress sessions of 1782.

Politics

The Democratic-Republican Party, was the political party organized by Thomas Jefferson and James Madison in 1791. It stood in opposition to the Federalist Party, It ruled the USA from 1800 to 1825, during the First Party System. It split due to the 1824 presidential election into two parties: the Democratic Party and the short-lived National Republican Party.