Bachelor, Western Reserve University, 1950. Master of Arts, Western Reserve University, 1951. Postgrad, Columbia University, 1953.
Doctor of Education, University California, Berkeley, 1968.
Art instructor, El Paso (Texas) City Schools, 1953-1954; art instructor, Stockton (California) Unified Schools, 1954-1956; art instructor, Tamalpais High School, Mill Valley, California, 1956-1967; associate professor, U. Georgia, Athens, 1967-1993; emeritus, U. Georgia, Athens, since 1993. Lecturer Denmark, Sweden and Israel.
Member American Art Therapy Association, National Expressive Therapy Association, World Association for Prevention Drug and Alcohol Abuse (international Board of Governors).
Married Celeste Zalk, December 18, 1948. Children: William, Kenneth, Brian.