AB, Lebanon Valley College, 1948. Postgraduate, Pennsylvania Academy Fine Arts, 1948. Diploma, Johns Hopkins Medical School, 1951.
Master of Science, Drexel University, 1960. Doctor of Science, Clayton University, 1982.
Medical illustrator Walter Reed Army Hospital, Washington, 1954—1956, Ophthalmological Foundation, New York City, 1956—1960. Freelance medical illustrator, since 1960. Chief rare books State Library Pennsylvania, Harrisburg, 1961—1978.
Fellow: American College Heraldry, Royal Society Arts (life). Member: American Association for the Advancement of Science, Bibliographical Society of America, Pennsylvania Academy of Sciences, Royal Society Medicine, Beta Phi Mu, Beta Beta Beta.