Student, University Minnesota, 1939. Bachelor magna cum laude, St. Olaf College, 1943. Master of Arts, University Iowa, 1946.
Doctor of Philosophy, University Iowa, 1958.
Instructor art and English, art supervisor public schools, Owatonna, Minnesota, 1943-1945; instructor art and English, art supervisor public schools, Winona, Minnesota, 1946-1949; instructor, assistant professor art education and appreciation, Kent State University, 1949-1956; associate professor art history and sculpture, Northern Illinois U., 1958-1960; professor, department chairman art, Louisiana State University, 1960-1965; professor, U. Colorado, Boulder, 1965-1988; professor emeritus fine arts, U. Colorado, Boulder, since 1988; department chairman fine arts, U. Colorado, 1965-1968. High school wrestling coach, 1943-1949. Chairman advising committee Anglo-American Art Museum, 1961-1963, director art history program in Italy, 1971, 73, 74, 76, 77, 78, 81, 82, 84, 87.
Married Helen Marie Hanson, August 13, 1944 (deceased). Children: Marion Eve, Cynthia Lynn, Brian Louis. Married Kathryn Jean Griswold, June 7, 1969.