Student, University Southern California, 1947-1949; student, University Bonn, 1954-1956; student, University Munich, 1956-1957; Doctor of Philosophy, University Vienna, 1960; Master of Science (Sloan fellow), Stanford Graduate School Business, 1977; honorary Doctor, National U., 1981.
Instructor, Bonn, Munich and Vienna, 1954-1960; director, language school, San Mateo, California, 1960-1961; joined, United States Foreign Service, 1961; international relations officer, State Department, Washington, 1961-1962; staff assistant, Foreign Service Institute, 1962-1963; assigned, Hong Kong, 1963-1965; assigned, Bern, Switzerland, 1965-1969; assigned, Naples, Italy, 1969-1972; chief consular affairs section, American Embassy, Bonn, 1972-1975; international relations officer, State Department, Washington, 1975-1976; deputy consul general, American Embassy, London, 1977-1980; consul general, Tijuana, Mexico, 1980-1984; consul general, American Embassy, Paris, 1984-1988; consul general, American Embassy, Haiti, 1988-1990; consultant, international trade, since 1990.
Served with United States Air Force, 1949-1953.
Married Lesly Marion Hopkins, April 30, 1955. Children: Robert, Lesley, John, Paul.