AB, Cornell University, 1949. Master of Arts, Harvard University, 1951. Doctor of Philosophy, Harvard University, 1956.
Instructor English Princeton University, 1955-1960. Assistant professor University Pittsburgh, 1960-1965, associate professor, 1965-1967, professor, since 1967, chairman English department, 1967-1972.
Served to Second lieutenant United States Army Air Force, 1943-1946. Member Modern Language Association, Malone Society.
Married Marina von Neumann, June 23, 1956. Children– Malcolm, Laura Mariette.