Bachelor, College of William & Mary, 1946; Master of Divinity, Yale University, 1949; Doctor of Philosophy, Yale University, 1956.
Assistant pastor, Second Congressional Church, Westfield, Massachusetts, 1951-1952;
associate professor philosophy, William Jewell College, Liberty, Missouri, 1952-1953;
assistant professor religion, Mount Holyoke College, South Hadley, Massachusetts, 1956-1958;
associate professor philosophy and religion, Centre College, Kentucky, 1958-1961;
professor constructive theology, United Theological Seminary, New Brighton, Minnesota, 1961-1991;
professor emeritus, United Theological Seminary, New Brighton, Minnesota, since 1991. Visiting assistant professor theology Vanderbilt University, Nashville, 1953-1954. Visiting professor Federal Theological Seminary, Alice, Republic of South Africa, 1973-1974, St. John's U., Collegeville, Minnesota, 1971-1972.
Board directors Friends School of Minnesota, Minneapolis, 1988-1991, Common Profits, Minneapolis, 1985-1991.
Member advisory committee Mounds View School District Board, New Brighton, 1971-1972. Delegate Democratic State Convention, Rochester, Minnesota, 1968, Democratic District Conventions, Minneapolis, 1968, 90. Member American Academy Religion, American Theological Society, Phi Beta Kappa.
Married Emily Christine Rentsch (deceased January 1982). Children: John Robert, Miriam Joan, Mark Phillip.