Queen"s University (Bachelor of Commerce, 1967. Bachelor of Laws, 1970). Harvard University (Master of Laws, 1971).
Worked at Smith Lyons (Toronto, Ontario) specializing in Banking and Financial Institution Lending, Competition and Antitrust, Corporate and Commercial, Investment Canada, Mergers and Acquisitions, Product Liability. Admitted to the bar, 1973, Ontario.
Canadian Bar Association. County of York Law Association.