Student, University Pennsylvania. Student, Utah State University. Student, Westminster College.
Doctor of Philosophy in Mineral Engineering and Geology, University Wisconsin, 1982.
Development engineer Pickands-Mather (Bethlehem Ores), Hibbing, Minnesota, 1951-1952. Senior engineer A.C.O.E., Baraboo, Wisconsin, 1952-1953. Consultant Madison, from 1953.
Arbitrator American Arbitration Association, Chicago, Minneapolis, St. Paul, since 1975. Critic, engineer, technical publications Prentice-Hall, Wiley, University Wisconsin. Lecturer University Wisconsin Academy, Madison, since 1980.
Active Chamber of Commerce Mesabi Range, Hibbing, 1952. Commissioner Boy Scouts American, Madison, 1971. Master sergeant United States Marine Corps, 1941-1946, PTO. Member American Society for Testing and Materials, Geological Society of America, Society Mining, Metallurgy and Exploration, American Geological Institute, Society Research Scientists, Sigma Xi Emeritus.
Married Patricia Mae Probst, February 15, 1946. Children: Rory, Teresa, Carl.