Bachelor of Science, Lehigh University, 1933. Doctor of Laws, Lehigh University, 1970. Master of Science, University Iowa, 1934.
Doctor of Laws, Muhlenberg College, 1964.
Various actuarial positions, Committee Economics Security, R.R. Retirement Board, Social Security Board, 1934-1947;
chief actuary, administrator, Social Security Administration, 1947-1970;
deputy commissioner, Social Security Administration, 1981-1982;
executive director, National Commision on Social Security Reform, 1982-1983;
chairman, R.R. Unemployment Compensation Committee, 1984-1985;
chairman, Committee on R.R. Reform, 1988-1990;
professor insurance, Howard U., 1981;
president of the board pensions, Lutheran Church American, 1987. Professor emeritus actuarial science Temple University. Actuarial consultant various congressional committees, goverments, Colombia, Jordan, Nicaragua, Panama, Peru, Saudi Arabia.
Member committee Social Security experts International Labor Organization, 1948-1951, 1957-1972. Member pension research council Wharton School Finance and Commerce, since 1957, member committee actuaries United Nations Joint Staff Pension Fund., since 1960.
Member board pensions Evangelical Lutheran Church American, 1956-1991. Served to captain Army of the United States, 1943-1945. Fellow Society Actuaries (president 1971-1972), Casualty Actuarial Society, American Academy Actuaries (president 1971-1972), Institute Actuaries (England associate), Royal Statistical Society (England), American Statistical Association, American Association for the Advancement of Science, Conference of Consultant Actuaries.
Member American Risk and Insurance Association, Inter-American Association Social Security Actuaries (president 1960-1984), International Union Science Study of Population, Population Association American, Middle Atlantic Actuarial Club (president 1957), Newcomen Society, Phi Beta Kappa, Sigma Xi. Clubs: Cosmos (Washington). Travelers' Century (Los Angeles).
Married Ruth McCoy, December 20, 1938 (deceased 1995). Children: Jonathan K., Eric L.