Bachelor, Queens College. Master of Arts, University Rochester. Doctor of Philosophy, University Rochester.
Instructor English Temple University, Philadelphia, 1966—1970. Assistant professor humanities and religious studies California State University, Sacramento, 1970—1973, associate professor, 1974—1978, professor, since 1978. Participant National Endowment of the Humanities Summer Seminar University California, Berkeley, 1981, 1984.
Member of Modern Language Association, Biblical Archeology Society, Phi Beta Kappa.
Married Gloria Rochelle Rubin, June 20, 1964. Children: Karen Leslie, Jonathan Gregory.