Bachelor, Kansas State University, 1965. Master of Arts, University Texas, 1967. Doctor of Philosophy, University Texas, 1970.
From assistant to associate professor economics Naval Postgraduate school, Monterey, California, 1973-1977. Professor, chairman University Tulsa, since 1977. Visiting associate professor University Nevada, Reno, 1980-1981.
Research associate Woodrow Wilson School Princeton (New Jersey) University, 1979-1980, 81-85, Brookings Institution, Washington, 1978-1979.
Consultant Economic Development Information Center, Tulsa, 1986-1988. Member American Economic Association, Association Institutional Thought, Industrial Relations Research Association, Western Social Science Association.
Married C. Ann Gardner, August 21, 1974. Children: Cori, Ross.