Bachelor of Science, Fairfield University, 1953. Master of Arts, University Notre Dame, 1955. Doctor of Philosophy, University Notre Dame, 1961.
Instructor, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, 1958-1960; assistant professor, Villanova (Pennsylvania) U., 1960-1963; assistant professor, U. Notre Dame, Indiana, 1964-1967; associate professor, U. Notre Dame, Indiana, 1967-1996; professor emeritus of English, U. Notre Dame, Indiana, since 1996. Visiting professor U. Oslo, 1968-1969.
National advisory board Viet Nam Generation, New Haven, Connecticut, since 1989. Member Modern Language Association, American Literature Section, American Studies Association, Society for Study of Southern Literature, Vietnam Veterans American (life associate).