Bachelor of Arts, University North Carolina, 1942; Master of Arts, University North Carolina, 1948; Doctor of Philosophy, University North Carolina, 1951.
Instructor, assistant professor of history, Clemson College, 1949-1952;
professor of history, Vincennes U., 1952-1953;
associate professor, Georgia Teachers College, 1953-1954;
associate professor, then professor of history, Shorter College, 1954-1956;
professor of history, Clemson U., 1956-1985;
professor emeritus, Clemson U., since 1985;
head department, Clemson U., 1963-1974. Member South Carolina. Archives and History Commission, 1963-1974, South Carolina.
History Records Advisory Board, 1977-1980.
Served to First lieutenant, infantry Army of the United States, 1942-1946. Member South Carolina. History Association (president 1965), Southern History Association, Organisation American Historians, South Carolina.
History Society, Society Historians Early American Republic.
Married Edythe Rutherford, March 7, 1946. Children— Margaret Anne (Mistress Peter Barton), Dorothy Lee (Mistress Thomas Whisnant) (deceased).