Laurea in Giurisprudenza, University Florence, Italy, 1987. Master of Laws, Dickinson School Law, Carlisle, Pennsylvania, 1990. Doctor of Philosophy in European Law, University Bologna, Itay, 1992.
Researcher international law University Florence, 1992—1997. Legal clerk Court Justice European Communities, Luxembourg, 1997—2000.
Married Francesca Romana Amarelli, December 4, 2004. 1 child Eleonora.