Bachelor in Meteorology, University of California at Los Angeles, 1950; Master of Science in Meteorology, U. Maryland., 1970; Master of Science in Spanish, Georgetown University, 1991.
Civilian research meteorologist Air Weather Svc., United States Air Force, Washington, 1950-1966; research meteorologist, National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration, Washington, 1966-1985. Member United States Committee on Standard Atmosphere, Washington, 1968-1971. Lecturer infield.
Technology sergeant United States Air Force, 1943-1948, China, Burma, India Theatre of Operations. Fellow American Meteorological Society (Chairman of Commission on atmospheric problems of aerospace vehicles 1969-1970, Chairman of Commission on the upper atmosphere 1977-1978), Washington Academy Sciences. Member American Geophysical Union, Sigma Delta Pi.